# Using Aggregate

Aggregate lets you gather properties from a node's neighboring nodes or edges, optionally perform a function on those values, and write the result back to the origin node. You can use Aggregate to generate quantitative data relating to how graph data are connected. For example, in a telephone call log, you can aggregate the number of incoming and outgoing calls for a given caller, and write that aggregate value as a property on each caller node.

The Aggregate transform starts from a node, collects neighbors connected by a specified relationship, calculates new aggregate property values, and writes them back to the original node as a new property.

You can aggregate along either a property of neighbor nodes or a property of connecting edges.

## Preset formulas for an Aggregate property

Preset formulas are available for often-used calculations, as shown in the following table. You can also enter a custom javascript formula.

Preset

Function

Format

custom

Editable format

take first

Copies the first value of another property.

(neighborPropValues) => _.size(neighborPropValues) > 0 ? neighborPropValues[0] : null

count

Calculates a value based on number of connections.

(neighborPropValues) => _.size(neighborPropValues)

sum

Sums the values of the selected property.

(neighborPropValues) => _.sumBy(neighborPropValues,d => Number(d) || 0)

average

Averages the values of the selected property.

(neighborPropValues) => .sumBy(neighborPropValues,d => Number(d) || 0)/(.size(neighborPropValues) > 0 ? _.size(neighborPropValues) : 1)

range

Finds the lowest and highest value of the selected property.

(neighborPropValues) => `\${_.minBy(neighborPropValues, d => Number(d) || 0)} - \${_.maxBy(neighborPropValues, d => Number(d) || 0)}`

max

Finds the maximum value of the selected property.

`(neighborPropValues) => _.maxBy(neighborPropValues, d => Number(d) || 0)`

min

Finds the minimum value of the selected property.

(neighborPropValues) => _.minBy(neighborPropValues, d => Number(d) || 0)

Editing a preset moves it to the custom item, where you can test or run the modified formula.

## Aggregating connections between nodes

Examples use the open-source dataset for the HBO series Game of Thrones. For a hands-on exercise, see our How to GraphXR tutorials.

We can use Aggregate to find the total number of lines spoken on each Game of Thrones episode. The Lines.csv file includes data about the dialog in the show, and the Episodes.csv file includes details about each season and episode. We first transform data imported from these files as follows:

• Use the f(x) transform to calculate seasonEpisode property values for the Episodes category. This allows us to match the seasonEpisode property in the Lines category.

• Use the Link transform to link lines to their respective episodes through a new SPOKEN_ON relationship.

To aggregate connections between nodes:

1. Select one or more nodes. For example, click the Episodes category to select its nodes.

2. Open the Transform panel and Aggregate tab, and enter the following:
• In Aggregate To Category, select Episodes.
• In Aggregate Along select the SPOKEN_ON relationship.
• Click Property from neighbor nodes and select the lineCount property.
• In the New Prop textbox, enter totalLines. This is the new aggregate property that will contain the total number of lines of dialog in an episode.
• In the Formula Name menu, select the sum preset. A sample result is displayed below the property name.

3. Click Run. Since we are just adding a new property, the graph does not visually change.
A scrolling list below the Run button displays error and completion messages.

4. To review the new totalLines property, open the Table panel, click the Category tab, and select Episodes. You can also Export the entire table as a CSV or Excel file, or open an Enhanced Table to edit and export the table.

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